Legal Toolkit Pennsylvania Lawsuits and Appeals

What to Know About Lawsuits and Appeals


Financial injury

This type injury refers to the experience of serious financial loss within contractual or commercial relationships, including disputes related to insurance or employment contracts or unfair business practices.


Character injury

Injury of this type is also referred to as Defamation and includes Slander and Libel. These refer to instances when a false statement has been made as though it was factual, and the statement may harm the reputation or character of the person or business about whom it was made. Slander is usually spoken defamation but can include gestures, sign language, and other “non-permanent” statements. Libel is typically written or printed defamation but can include pictures, signs, film, and electronic broadcasts like websites, webcasts, podcasts, television, or radio.


Proof of Loss

This is the ability to prove some discernable injury. Actual physical proof of either physical injury or monetary loss is required.



Consumer Fraud

This is investigated by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the Attorney General (AG), and Better Business Bureaus (BBB). These agencies also link to other agencies that report trends and tips about recent national fraudulent activities. Consumer Law lawyers concentrate on faulty consumer product issues. See “Where to Read More” for links to FTC, BBB and the AG.


Class Action Suits

Even though there may be several thousand potential claimants, once an attorney files the initial paperwork, one must still wait for a court to certify the class (Basically a jusge makes a finding that an entire class of people have been affected by this particular issue). To preserve rights under a class action suit, be able to document that the product or services i question have been purchased (ie keep recipts, packaging, etc) and also keep copies of all subsequent bills an



Lawsuit Timing:

Despite the existence of statutes of limitations for certain matters, the law allows some leeway in filing a lawsuit. If you suspect that you may need to enter into litigation with another party over a legal issue, meeting with an attorney immediately will help ensure that evidence is preserved and that timing deadlines are addressed. A litigation attorney can advise you about the particulars of your legal situation and how to proceed in your best interests.